Meiosis is a cell division in eukaryote producing gametes, sperm or eggs. A single parent diploid cell usually produces four daughter haploid cells. There are two steps of meiosis, meiosis I and meiosis II. First step to this process if the interphase, when genetic material is doubled. Then in prophase 1, the chromatin hardens and crossing over may occur. During metaphase 1, the chromosomes aligh at the equatorial plate. Metaphase 1 is followed by anaphase 1, in which the homologous pairs separate. The final step of meiosis 1 is telophase 1, where two daughter cells are formed. Each daughter cell contains only one chromosome from each homologous pair.
In meiosis 2, the gametes are formed. In prophase 2, DNA does not replicate. Metaphase 2 is similar to metaphase 1 because chromosomes once again line up at the equatorial plate. In anaphase 2, sister chromatids go to separate poles. In telophase 2, the final step of meiosis, the cell division completes by forming four haploid daughter cells. One parents cell always produces four daughter cells, each of whom has half the chromosomes of each parents. The formation of gametes is called gametogenesis. Males produce sperm in a process called spermatogenesis. Woman produce eggs in a process called oogensis.