About 6.1 million are affected by infertility. Infertility is the incapability for a couple to become pregnant. In the present day, these couples are able to get pregnant using various techniques, one of which is the In Vitro Fertilization. Although it is successful, less then five percent of infertile couples use In Vitro Fertilization. Generally, it is only used when all other treatments have failed, or for woman with damaged, blocked or no fallopian tubes. The fallopian tubes are the tubes though which eggs pass from ovary to uterus.

Generally speaking, in In Vitro Fertilization, the eggs of a female are fertilized in laboratories and then are put into the woman’s uterus for continuation of pregnancy. This process, however, has more steps and is a lot more complicated. Before the procedure, the woman is given hormones to trigger a large production of eggs. Under ultrasound, the doctor then inserts a needle through the vagina and removes the eggs. The man in the relationship provides the semen. Then the eggs and the sperm are combined in a dish in a laboratory. Only in eighteen hours can it be seen if the eggs were fertilized. If they were, they are transferred as embryos into the uterus of a woman. If the egg attaches to the uterine wall successfully, the pregnancy occurs and woman is officially pregnant.

In 1966, a gynecologist Dr. Patrick Steptoe and a physiologist Dr. Robert Edwards were trying to find a way for infertile couples to get pregnant. They had tried to fertilize a woman’s egg outside her body, but all eighty attempts had failed. Finally, on November 10, 1977, a couple of Lesley Brown and John Brown underwent Intro Vitro Fertilization. The attempt worked when Lesley had officially got pregnant. On July 25, 1978, at 11:47 p.m. a five pound 12 ounce baby Louise Joy Brown was born in Oldham, Greater Manchester, England. She was perfectly healthy and became the world’s first test tube baby.

At 11:47 p.m. on July 25, 1978, a five-pound 12-ounce baby girl was born. The baby girl, named Louise Joy Brown, had blue eyes and blond hair and seemed healthy. Still, the medical community and the world were preparing to watch Louise Brown to see if there were any abnormalities that couldn't be seen at birth.


The world's first test tube baby along with her family.